18. Eg separatist ideological term is also greatest explain the racial perceptions statistically accounted for of the Schuman, Steeh, and you may Bobo (1985).
21. „These champion data was in fact essential. It represented www.datingranking.net/it/siti-di-incontri-bianchi-it brand new power, self-respect, and you will bravery of a lot Negroes managed to reveal regardless of their confined condition. . . . Immediately following bondage Afro-Western folklore started initially to element other sorts of heroes also: secular, people heroes have been to not ever be contains of the limits of the actual” (Levine ).
twenty-two. John Henry was a black laborer, a giant, strong kid away from servant origins which has worked on the mines and you may towards the railroads. He worked much harder and quicker than any most other worker but is actually in the end defeated when you look at the a rush against a subway, or, in some membership, from overexertion while steel-operating inside competition facing a vapor bore. Brand new white mans machine in the long run ground the brand new sincere work of black colored son. The fresh incidents out of John Henry’s life were much adorned more than the years, as well as other storytellers highlight more options that come with the person and his awesome deeds. Right here, of many homosexual informants emphasized the new refrains about the man’s real stamina, their masculine properties, along with his intimate prowess.
Yet of numerous gay males when you look at the Harlem, it could arrive, have the ability to mode getting homosexual versus carrying this out „finally stage
24. This might reflect good „negative” respect-that is, value from concern. Seriously, of numerous don’t respect the fresh new church, reflecting a beneficial anger created of churches’ theories to the homosexuality.
twenty-five. To have an enthusiastic explication out-of „expressive culture” as well as application so you can areas of black community, discover Homosexual and you may Baber (1987). Within anthology, they have accumulated records you to definitely discuss the sociocultural areas of black expressiveness, an „Afro-American ethos” one to comes as frequently out-of Africa as out of bondage, monetary deprivation, and you may inner-city living: „[African-People in the us has] created an enthusiastic ethos away from expressiveness which had been (which will be) at a time practical and you may aesthetic, poetic and you will paradoxical, sustaining and you will enriching, ironic and also imaginative. Of great advantages to that particular ethos were an aesthetic of style, the latest spirituality regarding public participation, and the power out-of performance inside the communicating new essence and you may vitality out-of lives and you may community” (Gay 1987a:2-3).
dos. It’s important to note as the ensuing sections unfold one there is certainly certain anti-gay discrimination in Harlem. It looks in the pub (verbally) and in continue
the latest church buildings. Informants right here who possess experienced such as for instance discrimination for the Harlem brush-off the newest situations. Thus certain apparent contradiction exists anywhere between these men’s room feel and their trust that people in Harlem become more open-minded than simply some body someplace else in the city.
step three. Having a discussion of your growth of this difference between „gay” and „homosexual,” look for Chesebro (1981), Harry and you will DeVall (1978), Humphreys and Miller (1980), Taylor (1978), and Warren (1974).
cuatro. Like experiential fundamentals to possess desired off a gay title were confirmed various other profile: „Evidence now available implies that, about for most anyone, young people and you may teenage experiences may serve as the cornerstone to the adult homosexual identity” (Minton and you will McDonald ). However, such skills are only an effective stepping-brick on the conclusion regarding a gay label. Most experts of gay and you can homosexual identities, just who use some theoretic techniques, enjoys introduced patterns spanning a linear development into the the end off a homosexual identity and the handling of a homosexual identity. Gay skills was but a level because innovation. Select, including, Cass (1979), Coleman (), Dank (1979), Hart and you will Richardson (1981), Lee (1977), Minton and you may McDonald (1985), Plummer (1975), and Troiden (1979).
5. Come across Coffman (1963), Gagnon and you will Simon (1967, 1973), and you may Minton and you will McDonald (1985), and Plummer (1975). Hoult (1985) stresses a great „personal training design.”
These types of boys problem brand new objections of some experts, instance, Cass (1979), Ross (1978), and you will Weinberg and you can Williams (1974), just who demand one to a gay name can only performed whenever both the personal and you can social selves of men and women try one to
10. That it phase of your own developmental procedure for gaining a homosexual name, titled „name synthesis” of the Cass (1979), demands good harmonious selfimage. „
Nie znam się, ale wypowiem.